The increased use of these inputs has saved a lot of crops, especially the food crops from unnecessary wastage. To solve the issue, there is an ongoing effort initiated by the Food Corporation of India, the State Warehousing Corporation and the Central Warehousing Corporation to expand the storage facilities and establish a buffer stock for contingencies.
At present there are number of agencies engaged in warehousing and storage activities. Some progress has been made for mechanising agriculture in India after Independence. Another peculiarity as well as an important problem is the smallness in average size of holding.
Due to the small size and scattered nature of agricultural holdings, the productivity per acre is low. In this way the holdings become smaller and more fragmented with each passing generation.
Tenants do not enjoy security of tenure. This colossal wastage can be avoided by developing scientific ware-housing facilities. These are related to: For instance, an agricultural price support policy in favour of food crops, mainly wheat and rice in the green revolution period has distorted the cropping pattern.
A great chunk of land is owned by a relatively small section of the rich farmers, landlords and money lenders, while a very little amount of land is owned by the majority farmers.
The government has given high incentive especially in the form of heavy subsidy for using chemical fertilizers. This has created great demand for land.
In order to save the farmer from the clutches of the money lenders and the middle men, the government has come out with regulated markets.
In fact, the total water potential in the country is more than adequate to irrigate the whole areas under cultivation. Timely and sufficient availability of credit on regular basis is one of the enabling factors that are responsible for high agricultural output.
Although some mechanisation of farming has taken place in some parts of the country, most of the farmers are poor and do not have enough resources to purchase modern farm implements and tools. The Central Government is also implementing the scheme for establishment of national Grid of Rural Godowns since Still, Indian farmers are using cow-plough method of cultivation on a large-scale.
In the absence of sound marketing facilities, the farmers have to depend upon local traders and middlemen for the disposal of their farm produce which is sold at throw-away price.
Irrigation is the most important agricultural input in a tropical monsoon country like India where rainfall is uncertain, unreliable and erratic India cannot achieve sustained progress in agriculture unless and until more than half of the cropped area is brought under assured irrigation.
This area must be properly treated and restored to its original fertility. The important point to note here is that the country is yet to evolve a balanced crop pattern.
The Central Government is also implementing the scheme for establishment of national Grid of Rural Godowns since Agricultural marketing still continues to be in a bad shape in rural India. On the other hand, big farmers owning more than 10 hectares land hold as much as 14 p.
Thus, along with his landed property, he passes on his debt to his successors. In the Indira Gandhi Canal command area also intensive irrigation has led to sharp rise in sub-soil water level, leading to water-logging, soil salinity and alkalinity.
It provides employment opportunities to millions of Indians in addition to providing necessary inputs for high industrial growth. This element of instability makes it a precarious occupation.
Although India is the second largest irrigated country of the world after China, only one-third of the cropped area is under irrigation.
By and large the irrigation facilities available in India are far from adequate. It compels the farmers to make distress sale. In the Indira Gandhi Canal command area also intensive irrigation has led to sharp rise in sub-soil water level, leading to water-logging, soil salinity and alkalinity.
An unhealthy competition exists between these two crops. The method of cultivation in most areas of India are still primitive. Bythe area under non-food grains increased to roughly 35 p. Large tracts of fertile land suffer from soil erosion by wind and water. The only answer to this ticklish problem is the consolidation of holdings which means the reallocation of holdings which are fragmented, the creation of farms which comprise only one or a few parcels in place of multitude of patches formerly in the possession of each peasant.
Agricultural implements and machinery are a crucial input for efficient and timely agricultural operations, facilitating multiple cropping and thereby increasing production. This makes the efficient use of land virtually impossible and adds to the difficulties of increasing capital equipment on the farms.
But its use as such is limited because much of cow dung is used as kitchen fuel in the shape of dung cakes.
In most of small villages, the farmers sell their produce to the money lender from whom they usually borrow money. Different tracts have different levels of fertility and are to be distributed accordingly.The situation in Indian Agriculture, and particularly farmer distress, is increasingly getting the focus, reaching centre stage in The Media and public discourse; at long last, Agriculture is showing signs of getting the attention it richly deserves; for too long we Urban Indians have ignored Indian Agriculture.
The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage.
(a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of. Agriculture, the backbone of Indian economy, Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems. Know some of the major problems that India faces in relation to agriculture and their possible solutions. What are the problems in the Agriculture Sector in India and how can we solve them in hindi language?
Update Cancel. Problems faced by the Agriculture Sector. In order to increase the efficiency of Indian economy a major shift needs to happen from agriculture to service and business sector.
One of the major problems of Indian agriculture is that a large number of people depend solely on agriculture. It is obvious the, that not much can be realized unless this continuing pressure of population on land is reduced. Agricultural problems faced by the farmers of India By Pamkhuila Shaiza on March 30, Agriculture is one of the most important pillars of the Indian economy.Download